Posted tagged ‘11th malaysia plan’

Policy paralysis renders 11th Malaysia plan nought

May 30, 2015

The 11th Malaysia Plan announced by the prime minister was high in objectives, vision and political rhetoric but low in action plans and implementation strategies. It is common knowledge that the Achilles’ heel of the Umno-led government is implementation. The much promoted and published goal of reaching high-income status has finally reached its final lap. The vision 2020 high-income status goal was envisaged and mooted by Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad in the early 1990s during the 6th Malaysia Plan. Since then, every Malaysia Plan was implemented to take the country closer to high-income status and finally reach it by 2020. To achieve high-income status, quality education, skills training and entrepreneurial development have to be the cornerstone of the economic policy.

Every year, the Education Ministry is allotted the highest budget (21% in 2015) to enhance education quality, competence and skills. The Education Ministry introduced a number of blueprints to achieve these objectives. But the latest OECD report places Malaysia 52nd out of 76 countries in terms of our students’ ability to grasp basic skills. While our Singapore tops the list on this score. The Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), which evaluates levels of literacy amongst 15-year-olds in mathematics, science and reading skills, as well as critical problem-solving skills—as opposed to memorisation—placed Malaysia 55th out of 74 countries. Despite the high expenditure on education, the achievements are disappointing and a letdown.

Education Minister Tan Sri Muhiddin Yassin himself got a shock at the international achievements of Malaysian students when compared to our neighbouring countries. Education has been deliberately allowed to be hijacked by racists and bigots by the UMNO government far too long. Besides public education institutions are centres of segregation and perverted ideologies. After all the hype about smart and cluster schools, only 6% of non-Malay students are in national schools (sekolah kebangsaan) compared to 12% of non-Chinese students in national-type Chinese schools.

Malaysia was ranked 64th out of 187 countries surveyed under the Human Development Index (HDI) last year, according to the 2013 Human Development Report (HDR) of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). All the slogan chanting and politically expedient proclamations of developing human resources have not taken Malaysians to a state of high productivity. Besides 1.5 million Skilled Malaysians who are not appreciated in their own country are developing other countries.

The addiction on cheap legal and illegal foreign workers has made Malaysia the heaven for human trafficking and smuggling. Nepotism and corruption amongst the enforcement agencies have made the country famous worldwide for the wrong reasons worldwide. All effort to upskill and automation are half hearted and ended with failure but money spent. Local university graduates are less employable compared to foreign university graduates.

According to a National Economic Advisory Council survey of household income in 2008, 80% of Malaysian households made below RM2957 a month. Putrajaya has to pay BR1M money of RM950 per year to support this group. Therefore, reaching high- income status within the next five years is uphill task, given the high unskilled foreign workers presence. The increasing economic slowdown internationally and political risk locally does not help either.

Malaysia has to reverse the outflow of skilled labour and halt the inflow of cheap migrant labour if it wants to achieve high-income status and reduce income inequality. Malaysia has to treat its own citizens equally irrespective of their racial background if it were to progress as a high income nation. All the scandals, wastages and abuse of power shows that divide and rule will ruin this country.

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Racists, bigoted lunatics dictating economic and social reforms

April 24, 2015

The 11th Malaysia Plan is to be tabled on May 21, 2015 during the second parliamentary sitting of 2015. The 10th Malaysia Plan (for the period 2010 – 2015) was launched with much pomp after Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak took office in 2009. It had 5 key strategic thrusts. For some reason or other, however, we did not hear of any mid-term review of the achievements and shortcomings of the 10th Malaysia Plan. It was instead described as a rolling plan. However, a national plan of this significance must be made available to parliamentarians much earlier for them to put forward their thoughts.

The 11th Malaysia Plan is the last attempt to become a high-income and developed nation within the next five years. The 10th Malaysia Plan started off with a focus on 5 key strategic reform thrusts to achieve 10 big agendas, but in the end, the results were quite disastrous. The national public debt grew to 80% of the GDP. Income inequality in Malaysia is amongst the worst in the region and has remained at the same level since 1990. The disposable income of the top 1% is 22 times the disposable income of the bottom 40%. On the Malay front the top 0.1% of investors in Tabung Haji had RM1.4 million average investments. The bottom 87% had average investments of RM567 which is 2500 times less. Three percent of Amanah Saham Bumiputra (ASB) is owned by 74% of unit-holders, while 8% is owned by 0.2% of unit-holders.

The country’s dependence on foreign workers is ever-increasing without any policy changes to halt the flow. Human Resources Minister Datuk Seri Richard Riot has made it public that there are an estimated 6.7 million foreign workers in this country but only 2.1 million of them have valid work permits. The chase towards reaching a High-Income Nation status is useless to the remaining 80% employed and self-employed Malaysians who earn below RM3000 a month.

The 10th Malaysia Plan envisaged SMEs to be the engine of growth and innovation, whose contribution to the GDP was 33% in 2013, based on the SME Corp report. By 2020, the SME’s contribution was to be 59%. The private sector was supposed to be the growth engine in the 10th Malaysia Plan, but private sector participation dwindled to 10% of the GDP from 30%. Seem to be moving backward on this front.

A nation cannot achieve a high-income and developed nation status with poor-quality education and low-skilled workers. Malaysia’s highest allocation every year is for education. Yet the quality of education and the employability of public university graduates still lag behind the demands and needs of industries. A nation’s human capital, largely built by its education system, is a fundamental driver of economic growth, says a World Bank report. To arrest the decline, the World Bank has said Malaysia needs to prioritise teacher quality over quantity, noting that the sharpest fall in education standards coincided with an aggressively expanded recruitment programme for educators. Our highly centralised and regulated education system stifles creativity and high thinking order among students.

Despite the previous 10 Malaysia Plans, the county’s economic growth trajectory and social cohesiveness are still very delicate and are dictated by the whims and fancies of some lunatics. The affirmative actions for the Bumiputra community for the past 45 years have not lifted them to become a high-income group or highly-skilled community. The Umno elites and the senior civil servants have become the high income earners with poor kampong folks remaining poor. Income inequality highest among Malays coupled with poor skills and low soft skills.

On the one hand, the government wants to achieve a high-income and developed nation status but at the same time it wants to reaffirm the racial and religious supremacy of one ethnic group. This attempt to reaffirm affirmative action for bumiputras has diverted much-needed resources. The thrust towards narrowing income inequality, improving health care, improving the quality of education and upgrading the skills of youths irrespective of race, has taken a back seat. More than a million highly-skilled Malaysians have left, thereby enabling other countries to develop. Unless the government resets its development and high-income goals, the 11th Malaysian plan may never reach its target. Racists and bigoted lunatics are the stumbling blocks halting and diverting the road towards development and high income status.